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Ancient Egypt
Egyptian Writing
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"Beautiful Festival of the Valley"
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Egyptian Writing
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Learning how to write in Egyptian hieroglyphics is very difficult. Understanding the Egyptian alphabet is just the first step. I won't be able to fill you in about everything there is to know to be a successful scribe, so for now I will just inform you about the basic facts to get you started.

Here is a chart that shows each hieroglyphic symbol, it's meaning, it's transliteration, and the English letter that it represents.

Symbol

Meaning
Transliteration
Representing Letter

h_vulture2.gif

vulture

tr_3.gif

a

b2.gif

leg and foot

tr_b.gif

b

h_animalbelly.gif

animal's belly

tr_belly.gif

ch

d2.gif

hand

tr_d.gif

d

f2.gif

viper

tr_f.gif

f

g2.gif

pot stand

tr_g.gif

g

h21.gif

courtyard

tr_court.gif

h

reed.gif

reed

tr_i.gif

i

k2.gif

basket

tr_k.gif

k

kh3.gif

placenta

tr_placenta.gif

kh

m2.gif

owl

tr_m.gif

m

n2.gif

water

tr_n2.gif

n

n22.jpg

red crown

tr_n2.gif

n

p2.gif

wicker stool

tr_p.gif

p

q3.jpg

slope

tr_q.gif

q

r2.gif

mouth

tr_r.gif

r

s6.gif

Or

s2.gif

door bolt
&
folded cloth

tr_s.gif

s

pool.gif

pool

tr_pool.gif

sh

t2.gif

bread loaf

tr_t.gif

t

u_w.gif

quail chick

tr_w.gif

u, w

There are many types of hieroglyphic symbols. There are monoliteral signs, in which a symbol represents one letter, biliteral signs, where each symbol stands for two letters and triliteral signs. Triliteral signs represent 3 letters put together.
 
*The vulture is pronounced "ah". Keep in mind that any other symbols containing the transliteration sign "3" will be pronounced the same (ex. k3 is pronounced "kah")*
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Be carful:
Some symbols on this chart stand for more than one thing.
For example, the viper stands for the English letter "f", but it also means "father".
 
 
 
 
 
 
Note that the reed leaf is pronounced "ay" as in "hay". It may also be used to represent the Enlgish letter "a".
 
The basket  stands for the English letter "k", but it can also be the masculine symbol for the words "you" and "your".
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
If you are interested in learning how to write Egyptian, then it would be wise to understand and memorise each of these transliterations as they will be used in learning the biliteral and triliteral signs.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
*When pronouncing the symbol of the quail chick, remember that it is pronounced "oo" (as in soon)*