Before it all began....
All sorts of life were present in Egypt thousands of years ago, believe it or not.
There were many lakes, trees, elephants and more. But as the climate grew hotter, the lakes and rivers disappeared into the
ground and animals and grass died. What was once on the ground became sand. The certain area in Egypt where this happened
is now known as the Sahara Desert.
Living in Egypt
Egypt, being located in the north-eastern part of Africa, has become well-known for
the Nile river. Many Egyptians would settle along the narrow strips of fertile land beside the river. Today there are about
16,000,000 people living in Egypt. The Nile is famous because it is the longest river in the world and also because it has
the most fertile soil in the world.
What You Didn't Know:
- Greeks called the pyramids one of the Seven Wonders of the World
- The Sphinx was carved almost entirely out of a single limestone rock
- The statue with the head of a man and the body of a lion symbolizes might and intelligence
- Turkish and Naploleanic men shot the Sphinx's nose and beard off, as a result of using it for target practice
- Egyptians were the first to introduce paper (they used papyrus)
The Seven Wonders of the World (according to the Greeks)
The Two Parts of Egypt
In 5000 B.C., Egypt was divided into two parts which were upper Egypt and lower Egypt.
These were the two kingdoms of Egypt. Lower Egypt was known as the "red kingdom" and upper Egypt was
known as the "white kingdom". The pharaoh who ruled upper Egypt wore the white crown
and the pharaoh who ruled lower Egypt wore the red crown to show this. Both crowns combined was called the
|This pharaoh wears the double crown.